The voluntary return programme includes reintegration assistance into the home country. Reintegration helps to overcome problems which migrants may encounter on their return, whilst also enabling social workers to offer concrete solutions: development of a micro business, renovation or rental of housing, search for employment, medical costs, etc.
For the implementation of reintegration projects, Fedasil works with two organisations which benefit from a network of partners in different regions of the world: IOM and Caritas. These two organisations contact their local partners or offices to ensure migrants’ reintegration under the best possible conditions. Also, local partners provide information: they bring together a maximum of information about the return region or city, assess the socio-economic situation and the different integration opportunities for migrants.
Reintegration allowances are not provided in cash to migrants but are given to local partners who make the necessary payments. These allowances must be used within twelve months after the return. During this one-year period, IOM's and Caritas’s partners monitor projects, thus enabling the writing of ‘return stories’.
Access to reintegration
Access to reintegration is dependent on the migrant’s status: his home country, administrative status in terms of asylum and vulnerability. When applying for a voluntary return, the return advisor analyses the migrant’s personal situation and defines his reintegration opportunities.
Reintegration assistance involves material assistance provided by local partners. This comprises several levels, most of them being funded by European funds:
- The basic level corresponds to material aid of 700 EUR accessible to migrants coming from countries which require a visa for Belgium and provided that they have ever filed an asylum application, regardless of whether they have been turned down or not.
- To this may be added a complementary level of aid corresponding to 1,500 EUR, accessible to asylum seekers during their asylum procedure or during the 30-day period following the order to leave the territory.
- In parallel, there is also a reintegration assistance, corresponding to a sum of 500 to 1,500 EUR, accessible to all people fulfilling the vulnerability criteria. For example, people taken into account include pregnant women, people with health problems, victims of slavery, families with children, etc.